The EWB Approach
- Project must have be sustainable solution
- Project needs to use local labor and materials
- Project needs to become a community asset
- Long-term project commitment (5 yrs.)
- Project cycle:
- Post implementation assessment
- New project assessment
In the late 1980’s and early 1990’s there were 1000 wells with electric or hand pumps drilled in western Kenya. Most of these are no longer functioning due to vandalism, pump thefts, lack of funds and lack of knowledge.
There is a water kiosk located 50 km from Mayanja that was constructed to sell water pumped from a dam in a river; there has never been any water sold from the kiosk. The project was funded by Constituency Development Fund, a funding from the central government controlled mainly by a Member of Parliament. The reasons for the collapse of this project are not clear.
Current Water Supplies
Water is obtained by locals from spring boxes (many damaged); unprotected springs; shallow wells that have limited supply during dry seasons; unprotected unlined hand-dug wells; roof run-off.
There are currently 55 water supplies serving 20,000 people. Only 7 of the 55 are protected and safe and there is no local ownership.
Typical Site for New Spring Box
Establish local water committees for each sub-location (approx. 5,000 people) to construct and maintain safe water supplies. Each water committee will identify 5 individuals to be trained in the construction of hand-dug wells and spring boxes. EWB will provide the training.
EWB-Indianapolis Professional Chapter travelled to the project location in January 2011 for the initial project assessment. The group will be returning in January 2012 to implement the project plan. Trip members will be providing training for water committee members in the rehabilitation and construction of spring boxes using locally made bricks. Existing spring boxes will be reconstructed and pipes repaired.
Spring Box Repair
Implementation Trip Purpose
- Educate water committee members in the repair, maintenance and construction of spring boxes
- Work with local volunteers to repair one spring box and construct one new spring box
- Inspect sites for future spring box repair or construction
- Understand current practices of purifying drinking water
- Update the Memorandum of Understanding to begin the process of financial self-sufficiency
Each 5-member water committee for each of 4 sub-locations will serve 5,000 people and 10 or more water supplies.
- Water committees will be educated in the repair, maintenance and construction of spring boxes
- Spring boxes will be constructed of locally made bricks using local labor and locally obtained equipment
- Water committees will be empowered to charge and collect water user fees